Discuss the geostrategic location of Kenya in the relation to the British occupation of the country.   

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Part of the reason the English wanted to colonize Kenya was the region's importance to the slave trade, which was established during the rule of the Sultan of Zanzibar. The area had long been a trade hub because it was close to the Arabian Peninsula. From Zanzibar, an archipelago of islands off the east coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean, the sultan ran trading operations in the area. David Livingstone, an explorer, used Zanzibar as a home base while exploring the Nile, and the reports of slavery he sent to England put pressure on England from abolitionists to ban slavery. The sultan banned slavery in 1873.

Another reason the British wanted to control this area was the encroaching German presence in the region. In the 1880s, the Germans formed the German East Africa Company and set up a colony called Tanganyika. In response, the British formed the British East India Company. In 1890, the British and Germans came to an agreement carving up the region.

In addition, Kenya became an important and fertile agricultural center colonized by the British. In 1895, the British East Africa Company, facing the high costs of colonizing the area, sold their concern to the British government, and the area became the East Africa Protectorate. The government decided to build a railroad to colonize the highlands. These areas were suitable for crops, and the highlands became an area restricted to white settlement. The area became a center of coffee growing using local Kikuyu people for labor. Many of the laborers who built the railroad were from India, and they settled in Kenya. During World War I, Kenya served as a military base for Britain, further increasing its importance to the the empire. 



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