Discuss dramatic irony in A Doll's House with other examples than Torvald's condemnation of forgery in Act 1.

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lsumner eNotes educator| Certified Educator

It is ironic when Torvald states that he pretends Nora is in some kind of trouble and he awaits the moment he can rescue her. When in fact the truth comes out and Torvald has been given his opportunity to rescue Nora, all he is concerned with is his reputation. He yells at Nora. He insults her by calling her feather brain. He screams at her, telling her to go to her room. He is not interested in how he can rescue Nora. He is interested in how he can get out of this mess without ruining his good name.

Then when Krogstad returns the IOU document, Torvald exclaims that he is saved and that he has forgiven Nora. When Nora asks if she is saved, Torvald exclaims that she is, of course. Only moments earlier, he was furious with Nora. ironically, he did not even consider that she had borrowed the money to in fact save him.

e-martin eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Dramatic irony can also be defined as a situation where the audience/reader and characters on stage have information which some characters on stage do not have.

This happens in A Doll's Housenear the opening of the play when Nora eats macaroons. When Torvald then asks Nora if she has been eating sweets, she lies and says she has not. Nora and the audience know this is a lie and so know more than Torvald making this an situation of dramatic irony.

litteacher8 eNotes educator| Certified Educator
Yes, that is an excellent definition. There is more about your example here: http://www.k-state.edu/english/baker/english320/cc-dramatic_irony.htm Another example is when Nora tries to district Torvald from getting the mail and reading the letter by saying that she needs to practice the dance with him or she won't be able to dance.