Discuss the disagreements that arose among the victorious Greeks after the fall of Troy (lines 152- 197) in the Odyssey Book 3

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Michael Ugulini | (Level 3) Educator

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The disagreements that arose among the victorious Greeks after the fall of Troy in lines 152- 197 in the Odyssey Book 3 concerns the fact that in the past there were no disagreements at all (in council or assembly) between the narrator Nestor and lord Odysseus. They worked together in harmony and were not battling each other with different opinions and viewpoints. They in fact spoke with one mind – in total agreement.

However, after the fall of Priam’s towering city, the two sons of Atreus were provoked to argue by Athena. These two sons were Menelaus and Agamemnon. They had the Achaeans come together so they could orate to them. The main disagreement here in this section is that Menelaus discusses the Achaeans going home by sea. However, Agamemnon doesn’t want this. He wants to see Athena’s harsh anger diffused so that they can be in her favor again. Therefore, he desires that the army stay put. In this way they can all offer sacrifices to Athena so that her anger dissipates.

The two men cannot come to an agreement; each is steeped in his respective belief. Both viewpoints of what to do gain a following in the camp. Consequently, the arguing continued throughout the night among the Achaeans as to which plan is the best, with each side taking verbal pot shots at the other to prove their respective points. In the end, each man does what he initially intended to do. Menelaus takes his fleet and departs from Troy, while Agamemnon does stay behind to make sacrifices so that Athena will be mollified. So, in fact, two camps result, each following the brother they felt was right.

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