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Discuss the difference between how conflict-perspective sociologists and functionalist-perspective sociologists view politics and government. Which perspective, in your opinion, gives the most accurate vantage point on politics and government?

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The answer to this question lies in the definition of those types of sociology, which you can understand from their names. Functionalist perspective sociologists believe that the government rose as a necessary function and as a servant to society, while conflict theorists propose that the struggle between society and anarchy dictated a need for government.

The functionalist view of government sees it as steering a unified ship. There are external struggles and factors to overcome, but the interior is a cohesive unit. As such, it is performing a servant function, ensuring that order is maintained.

On the other hand, conflict perspective sociologists propose that the society is in inherent struggle; there is conflict between internal groups, and the government is tasked with keeping things in balance as they battle over limited resources. The conflict theorist believes that the difficulties to overcome are internal. In that way, they view government as protecting us from ourselves.

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