Discuss the development of the English Novel during the eighteenth and nineteenth century?Who are the most important writers of that time and there works?
The notable writers of the 18th century were mostly writers of Romances and Epic stories which were much fictionalized and did not attempt at realistic fiction. Among the most notable works and novelists are:
Eliza Haywood (1719) Love in Excess
Daniel Defoe (1719 and the most famous) Robinson Crusoe
Samuel Richardson (1740) Pamela- Considered the first moderninst NOVEL and the year when it was known as a novel.
Henry Fielding (1749) Tom Jones
Laurence Sterne (1767) Tristam Shandy
Frances Burney (1778) Evelina
Ann Radcliffe (1794) The Mysteries of Udolpho.
These novels for the first time gave the audience a taste of fiction without history, or reality= it was the first time people were literally reading complete and non didactic fiction.
The 19th century novelists were different in that they did integrate realism to their fiction, and realistic fiction became widely spread with the commedies of manners of Jane Austen, and the critical narratives of the injustices of the London society as exemplified by Charles Dickens.
Along these lines you get:
William Makepeace Thackeray- Vanity Fair
Charlote Bronte- Jane Eyre
Emily Bronte- Wuthering Heights
George Eliot- Middlemarch
Oscar Wilde- The Picture of Dorian Gray
George Bernard Shaw- Pygmalion
and many more Victorians who opposed their Regency counterparts of the 18th century with more realism than romanticism.