Discuss the criteria for classifying consonants and describe them in terms of their production
There are plosive consonant sounds—p, t, k, b, d, and g—which, in order to make, we must briefly stop the flow of air using our lips, teeth, or palate, and then suddenly release the air.
There are also fricative consonant sounds, such as v, f, h, and th; these are produced by the friction of our breath being pushed through a narrow opening that we create in our mouths.
Then there are also affricates, which combine the plosive with the fricative when they share the same place of articulation in the mouth; Two examples include: ch in "chair" or j in "jar."
There are nasal consonant sounds as well, sounds like m and n, which are produced by pushing sound through our noses.
There are also approximant consonant sounds, so named because they kind of sound like vowels: the y sound in "yes," the l sound in "like," or the r sound in "right."