Describe the 3 different type of leader. Give a real life example of each type of leader. What characteristics does s/he have to that type?
State the different component of any term of any terms if there are any.
Different experts have suggested many different ways of classifying types of leaders and leadership styles. One such classification of leaders in three types has been proposed by Kurt Lewin and others. As per this classification leadership has been classified in the following three types base on the extent to which authority is used by the leaders.
- Autocratic or Dictatorial
The Autocratic or dictatorial leaders relies heavily on use of personal authority. Such a leader commands the followers and expects compliance by them without questioning. The leader of this type relies heavily on use of reward and punishments for ensuring compliance.
Participative leaders believe in consulting the subordinates and encourages them to participate in decision making. The decision are often taken with common consensus. This ensures that the followers accept the decisions and are motivated to act upon it.
The free-rein leaders makes very little use of power. Each follower has the freedom to decide and act independently. This means that different subordinates may pull in different direction. Therefore this style is not effective when high degree of team work and collaboration is needed.