A diploid cell enters mitosis with 16 chromosomes; it will divide to produce how many daughter cells?  How many chromosomes will each daughter cell have?

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bandmanjoe eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Being diploid, that means the full complement, or count, of chromosomes is sixteen.  Mitosis is the process of replicating the chromosomes so that when cytokinesis, or cell splitting, occurs, each new daughter cell receives the same diploid count of chromosomes.  In this case, the diploid number is sixteen, so each daughter cell will receive sixteen chromosomes.  By the way, there will be two daughter cells, as the entire process serves to duplicate cells.  Mitosis is a process that involves the nucleus and the chromosomes alone.  There is another process of cell division called meiosis, but that is for the production of sex cells, or gametes, which have half the chromosome count, or a haploid number.  Mitosis is for regular cell replication, whereas meiosis is for sex cell creation, where the chromosome count is halved.