Did the Reds win or the Whites lose the civil war in Russia?
The Civil War was won by the Red Army representing the Bolshevik government under Lenin. The White Army were a group of monarchists, conservatives, etc., who opposed Lenin's revolution. They had allies from other governments, including troops from the United States sent there by President Woodrow Wilson, but were ultimately defeated by the Red Army. There were two significant consequences of this defeat. One was an increased distrust of the United States by the Communists of Russia because of U.S. interference in the Civil War. The other, of course, was the murder of the Romanov royal family. The Czar and his family presented too much of a rallying point for the Whites and others who opposed the Soviets, so Lenin ordered them shot.