Did Reconstruction successfully solve the problems caused by slavery and the Civil War?

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While Congress, as led by the Radical Republicans, sought to ameliorate the ravages wrought by the institution of slavery and the Civil War, its legislative agenda, which included the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, resulted only in exacerbating these problems. Their Reconstruction program was far more severe than President Lincoln's and was opposed by President Johnson (who was impeached and almost convicted in the Senate). It resulted in a backlash from whites in the South, that in many ways made life even worse for the newly freed slaves and gave rise to the Black Codes, which disenfranchised blacks for almost a century.

One of the early Reconstruction programs, the Freedman's Bureau (which was initially instituted by Lincoln), was a well-intentioned and generous program to provide aid, including economic and medical help, to the newly freed slaves. However under the auspices of the U.S. War Department, it quickly became rife with corruption and was stymied by Southern legislatures as...

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