Did the North and South initially go to war in 1861 over the issue of slavery or the issue of states' rights?

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

Initially, the North went to war with the South because of slavery. The South, whose economic back bone was agriculture, solely utilized slave labor in its venture, unlike the North where industrialization and modernization had taken root. The North made use of free labor and in the 1850s had an increased interest towards the protection of free labor. This was in conflict with the South which was interested in expanding its slavery claims. During this period until the start of the 1860’s, the North and South differed greatly on slavery matters despite efforts by politicians to reach a compromise. The South was met with political resistance from the North whenever it attempted its slave expansionist agenda into other territories and even threatened to secede if...

(The entire section contains 2 answers and 388 words.)

Unlock This Answer Now

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime.

Start your 48-Hour Free Trial
Approved by eNotes Editorial Team