We are given a normally distributed set with `bar(x)=6.45` inches and `s=.45` inches.
(a) What percentage have diameters less than 7.1in?
Convert the raw data to a `z` score:
Then `P(x<7.1)=P(z<1.44)` From a standard normal table we find the percentage of values to the left of `z=1.44` to be .9251
Thus 92.5% will have diameters less than 7.1 inches.
(b) What percentage are larger than 6.8"?
Convert 6.8 to a `z` score:
Then `P(x>6.8)=P(z>.7778)=.2183` (You can find the percentage less than .78 and subtract from 1)
The percentage with diameters greater than 6.8" is 21.8%