Development Of RomeWhat were the major factors influencing the early development of Rome?

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vangoghfan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

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larrygates eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Location was definitely an important factor; as Rome's location gave it access to the Eastern and Western Mediterranean. Additionally, the rivers near Rome were shallow so invasion from the sea was not likely. The soil in the area was quite fertile which encouraged population growth; and the Appenine mountains offered a degree (but not total) protection from invasion on the Northern front.

Also, the influence of the Etruscans, who occupied the Peninsula before the Romans, cannot be overemphasized. They built large cities, developed high quality bronze and iron tools and weapons, and had a tremendous fleet of ships which traded throughout the Mediterranean. The Etruscans controlled the peninsula for several hundred years before they were overthrown by Junious Brutus. We cannot read the Etruscan language, so much of their knowledge is unknown to us; however it is obvious that the Romans largely built upon the knowledge and culture of the Etruscans rather than building their own.

accessteacher eNotes educator| Certified Educator

I think that #3 makes a fascinating point regarding the way that Rome's supremacy was actually built to a large extent on the backs of another civilisation's might and discoveries. Certainly this is a fact that is forgotten by many who look at the Roman civilisation. I would also echo the point made in #2. Location is such an important issue, and Rome's location on the shores of the Mediterranean gave it an automatic advantage in terms of trade and ease of access to other parts of Europe and Asia.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The major geographical factor that led to the early development of Rome was its geographical location. Rome was centrally located in Italy and it was, more importantly, at a ford on the Tiber River.  This allowed Rome to dominate trade routes within Italy.  By doing so, Rome was able to get its start on the way to dominating the Mediterranean world.

litteacher8 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Factors influencing the development of Rome included political, geographical and cultural elements.  Rome was well-situated for trade, surrounded by seas and rivers.  It also established a very solid government structure.  Finally, Rome had a thriving culture and that also helped it to expand.