Determine xDetermine x if 2 - cosx = 2sinx

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giorgiana1976 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

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This is the linear equation in sin x and cos x and we'll solve it using the substitution technique.

We'll write the functions sin x and cos x with respect to tangent of the half-angle.

sin x = 2 tan(x/2)/[1+(tan x/2)^2]

cos x = [1-(tan x/2)^2]/[1+(tan x/2)^2]

To write easier the equation, we'll substitute tan (x/2) = t

sin x = 2 t/(1+t^2)

cos x = (1-t^2)/(1+t^2)

We'll re-write the equation in t:

2*2 t/(1+t^2) + (1-t^2)/(1+t^2) - 2 = 0

We'll multiply by (1+t^2), the right side term 2:

4 t + (1-t^2) - 2(1+t^2) = 0

We'll remove the brackets:

4t + 1 - t^2 - 2 - 2t^2 = 0

We'll combine like terms:

-3t^2 + 4t - 1 = 0

We'll multiply by -1:

3t^2 - 4t + 1 = 0

We'll apply the quadratic formula:

t1 = [4+sqrt(16-12)]/6

t1 = (4+2)/6

t1 = 1

t2 = (4-2)/6

t2 = 1/3

Now, we'll determine x:

tan (x/2) = 1

x/2 = arctan 1 + k*pi

x = 2arctan 1 + 2k*pi

x = 2*pi/4 + 2k*pi

x = pi/2 + 2k*pi

tan (x/2) = 1/3

x = 2arctan (1/3) + 2k*pi

The solutions of the equation are:

{pi/2 + 2k*pi} U {2arctan (1/3) + 2k*pi}

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