A line is determined by 2 points. If both P and Q satisfies the equation, it is an equation of the line.
a) (-1,-3)=(3,5)+s(1,2) for s=-4 P belongs to the line
(3,5)=(3,5)+(1,2) for s=0 Q belongs to the line therefore
It is a vector equation of the line (PQ)
3=2t-1, 5=4t-3 for t=2 therefore the coordinates of Q satisfy the equation.
-1=2t-1, -3=4t-3 for t=0 therefore the coordinates of P satisfy the equation.
P and Q belongs to the line. It is a parametric equation of the line (PQ)
b)Use the same method. Do the points P and Q satisfy the equations?
(1,-3)+s(4,8)=(-1,-3) implies s=-1/2 and s=0 which is impossible. Therefore P doesn't belong to the given line.
It is not a vector equation of the line (PQ)
b) and d) are not answers.
Remark: in the question there is no negative sign in front of 1 in (1,-3)
What about c)?
(-1,-3)=(1,0)+s(2,4) implies that -1=1+2s and -3=4s
s=-3/ and s=-1 it is impossible. P doesn't belong to the given line. It is not a vector equation of (PQ).
c) is not an answer.
The only correct answer is a)