Determine a if the lines (a-3)*x + 2y-7=0 and x+(a+1)*y+2=0 are parallel.

Expert Answers

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Two parallel lines have the same slope.

So we have to find the slope of (a-3)*x + 2y-7=0 and x+(a+1)*y+2=0

(a-3)*x + 2y-7=0

=> 2y = -(a - 3)x + 7

=> y = -(a - 3)/2* x + 7/2

The slope is (3 - a)/2

x+(a+1)*y+2=0

=> (a + 1)*y = -x - 2

=> y = -x / (a +1) - 2 / (a+1)

The slope is -1/(a+1)

As the line are parallel: (3 - a)/2 = -1/(a+1)

=> (3 - a)(a +1) = -2

=> 3a - a^2 - a + 3 = -2

=> a^2 - 2a - 5 = 0

a1 = [2 + sqrt (4 + 20)]/2

= 1 + sqrt 6

a2 = 1 - sqrt 6

Therefore a can be (1 + sqrt 6) and (1- sqrt 6)

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