The Glorious Revolution of 1688 occurred after English supporters of Parliament solicited the aid of William III (William of Orange) to overthrow James II. The English Civil War, which was fought between 1642 and 1651, established the conflict of the Glorious Revolution. Charles I sparked the Civil War after attempting to diminish parliamentary power and revert the Church of England to Catholic practices. After the Civil War, Charles II was put into power. He agreed to limited powers, but he died without an heir in 1685. His brother, James II, took the throne of England and Ireland. James II made it clear that he would return to the ways of Charles I by using monarchal power to invalidate the laws of Parliament. In short time, Parliament rose up against James II.