The word thanatopsis means an essay that expresses a view about death. William Cullen Bryant, in his poem "Thanatopsis," uses a variety of images to symbolize his thoughts about death.
Some of the images create a sad, almost depressed mood:
* "the shroud, and pall, / And breathless darkness,
and the narrow house..."
* "the cold ground
Where thy pale form was laid with many tears..."
* "To be a brother to the insensible rock
And to the sluggish clod..."
A different set of images conveys the comforting idea that the dead person will not be alone in death--he will be together with all those who have already died:
Yet not to thine eternal resting place
Shalt thou retire alone, nor couldst thou wish
Couch more magnificent. Thou shalt lie down
With patriarchs of the infant world--with kings,
The powerful of the earth--the wise, the good,
Fair forms, and hoary seers of ages past,
All in one mighty sepulchre.
The poem ends on a hopeful note. Bryant says that if a person lives a morally correct life, death will be painless and even pleasant,
Like one who wraps the drapery of his couch
About him, and lies down to pleasant dreams.