Describe three ways in which technology affected WW I.
Technology affected WWI in a number of ways. First, it caused trench warfare. Then it made that warfare worse. Finally, it helped to break the stalemate.
Technology helped cause trench warfare because it made defensive war way more effective than offense. The machine gun is the important technological advance in this case.
Technology made the fighting worse. This is especially true of the poison gas that was used during the trench warfare.
Finally, technology helped end the stalemate. It was tanks that played this role. They were able to help break through the trench lines and this helped end the war.
World War I was not particularly notable for use of technology.
Perhaps the greatest technological development which had major impact on World War I was the development and use of Submarines in the form of U-Boats. This technology made ships of all kinds highly vulnerable to enemy attack.
Another major technological development having impact on World War I was the increased use of oil operated equipments.
Use of Aeroplanes in the war was also a new development during World War I. Because of this there were considerable developments in aviation technology. However the net impact of airborne warfare during world War I was limited.
The trench warfare, which is a very prominent feature of World War I. was not really much of a technological innovation. Besides, it proved to be quite ineffective even as a strategy for warfare. It resulted in stalemate rather than decisive victory for any one side.
Similarly use of poison gas or the measures taken for protection from it do not represent much of technological advances.
World War I