Describe three differences between DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) and RNA (Ribonucleic Acid).

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lynn30k's profile pic

lynn30k | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator

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First of all, there are structural differences. This is reflected in the part of the name that refers to the sugar/carbohydrate. RNA contains ribose, while DNA contains deoxyribose, a similar sugar that contains one fewer oxygen molecule (de...oxy). Another difference is that DNA is double-stranded, while RNA is a single strand. Three of the nitrogenous bases are the same in the two types (adenine, cytosine, and guanine), but DNA contains thymine while RNA contains uracil.

There are also functional differences. DNA is the blueprint for all proteins formed by the cells. mRNA takes the message to the cytoplasm, to rRNA, where tRNA brings the amino acids to string together into polypeptides--in the order that was originally dictated by the DNA

ellyril1's profile pic

ellyril1 | High School Teacher | (Level 1) eNoter

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DNA = deoxyribose sugar, double helix and contains thymine

 

RNA = ribose sugar, single stranded and contains uracil

cstecz's profile pic

cstecz | High School Teacher | eNotes Newbie

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DNA has deoxyribose where RNA has only ribose,  DNAs four bases are adenine, thyamine, cytosine and guanine, where RNA has all but instead of thymine there is uracil.  DNA is double stranded meaning that it is made of up two strands and its shape is that of a helix or double helix as it is know.  RNA is only a single strand.  RNA is actually made from the translation of a DNA strand and is involved directly and the building of proteins based on the DNA footprint found in the nucleus of the cell.

versatilekamini's profile pic

versatilekamini | College Teacher | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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DNA is usually double stranded and most cellular RNA is single stranded. 1)In DNA the pentose sugar is deoxyribose.Whereas in RNA the pentose sugar is ribose. 2)In DNA the common organic bases are adenine,guanine,cytosine and thymine.Whereas in RNA the common organic bases are adenine,guanine,cytosine and uracil. 3)In DNA base pairing:adenine pairs with thymine and guanine with cytosine.In RNA adenine pairs with uracil and guanine with cytosine.

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