Describe three (3) organizational approaches toward managing stress, providing one (1) original example of each.
Job stress can be caused by a variety of factors, but tertiary prevention, secondary prevention and primary prevention are three examples of organizational stress management approaches that have been proven to be effective across groups. Tertiary prevention strategies are reactive in nature, minimizing stress that has already occurred. Secondary prevention works by monitoring the stress an individual is feeling in real time. Primary prevention aims to prevent stress and stressful situations before they can occur within the organization.
Employee assistance programs are a good example of effective tertiary prevention stress management strategies. These programs may include employee counseling and therapy, debriefing after a particularly stressful event or season within the organization, and medical resources extended to employees.
Team building exercises are a good example of secondary stress management approaches. These exercises are geared towards providing employees within the organization with a solid social support network and empowering them with stress management techniques they can use on a daily basis.
One of the most effective approaches to stress management through primary prevention is a steady workload. By establishing a predictable workflow that is designed to minimize employee stress, organizations can prevent stress before it becomes a problem in the workplace.
Meditation, biofeedback and hypnosis are three stress management approaches individuals can use to maintain a stable emotional state throughout stressful situations. Deep relaxation for 15 to 20 minutes each day has been proven to reduce the signs of stress, such as increased heart rate, blood pressure and emotional distress.
An example of a simple meditation used in individual stress management is to find a quiet and comfortable area in which the individual can relax and focus on his or her breathing for a period of 10 minutes or more. This simple exercise is highly effective when it comes to reducing stress and improving mental clarity.
One example of the biofeedback approach to stress management is for the individual to attend to his or her physical indicators of stress. This can include monitoring the heart beat, noting how the breathing changes with stress and paying attention to any negative physical feelings that accompany a stressor. By controlling the breathing and actively acknowledging how the body changes as a reaction to stress, the mood itself can be regulated.
An example of hypnosis as an approach to stress management is to listen to a guided hypnosis recording or attend a hypnosis therapy session to get an idea of the procedure. Once comfortable with hypnotic induction, the individual can use it on a daily basis to create a sense of relaxation and address the subconscious effects of stress.