In the 1960s and 1970s, two brands of conservatism arose in the United States. Sometimes they were diametrically opposed. Other times, they combined and worked together in a united conservative front.
The first of these are the conservatives who embraced free-market ideology and libertarianism. In the decades after World War II, many Americans felt that the support of free enterprise was a positive force in the country, and the government should take a laissez-faire approach concerning most economic matters. To them, individual autonomy and unregulated capitalism were the bedrock of American society. As a result, they promoted limited government is most arenas. They wanted to dismantle the many government regulations and programs that resulted from the New Deal and opposed similar reforms in their own time.
The other brand of conservatives were moral conservatives. They were gravely concerned at what they saw as the erosion of the fabric of American society. Throughout the 1960s and...
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