Describe the Roman empire during its peak years in the second century. What features made it so successful in its heyday? In examining the second century, do you see the seeds of its later problems and crises? If so, what might these be?

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There are many defining features of the Roman empire during the second century CE. First of all, the Roman empire reached its largest extent in the early years of that century when Trajan was emperor. It encompassed around five million square kilometers and was home to as many as 100 million people. This presented some strengths as well as some challenges. With such a large territory, Rome had access to vast resources and labor pools. This allowed the empire to rely on domestic trade, which was far more reliable and inexpensive than international commerce. However, it also meant that internal communication...

(The entire section contains 300 words.)

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