Describe the role of women in the past and present time.
In western Europe and the United States from the start of industrialism up until and even through much the twentieth century, women were supposed to work in the home, especially after marriage.
Before the Industrial Revolution, societies were primarily agricultural and the bulk of the population worked on farms. Here, men, women, and children worked side by side. Even people who ran manufacturing or retail businesses lived at or very near their workplaces and the entire family pitched in to help with the business. After industrialism and the rise of the factory, however, the home and workplace split in two. The home became the refuge removed from work and dominated by women, while the men went off to earn a living, be it in a bank or a bakery.
Young, unmarried women often worked in factories, as domestics, or taught school but were expected to give this work up when they married. Once married, they were subsumed legally into their husband's identity and expected to bear children and take care of the house.
In the twentieth century, that social arrangement began to change. Women campaigned and won more rights, rights which gradually increased as the century wore on. As infant and child mortality plummeted, women could easily limit family size, especially after improvements in birth control. Labor saving technologies, such as washer/dryers, refrigeration, running water inside the home, gas heat, and dishwashers saved time. With fewer chores and fewer children, more women could and did earn money outside the house.
While full equality has yet to be achieved, most women are wage earners and are legally and socially able to live independently of men if they choose to do so.