Describe the Finch house in To Kill a Mockingbird.

The Finch house in To Kill a Mockingbird reflects typical middle-class, Southern architecture of this era and allows plenty of room for both individual privacy and neighborly entertainment.

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The Finch home is typical of Southern architecture of the time and also reflects the needs of the economically comfortable Finch family.

The house has at least four bedrooms. We know that Jem and Scout have their own rooms, and Atticus has a room as well. Aunt Alexandra sleeps in a guest room when she visits, so there is plenty of room for everyone to spread out comfortably. Typical of Southern homes, the Finch home has both a large front porch, perfect for neighborly gatherings on sweltering summer days, and a screened-in back porch where Jem and Scout can sleep on stifling Southern summer nights. Adjoining the front porch is a living room, and a kitchen meets the back porch. A swinging door divides the kitchen from the dining room; Calpurnia sends Scout through it with a "stinging smack" when Scout disrespects her guest Walter Cunningham.

Atticus also has an office in his home and escapes there to get some work done from time to time. The children have plenty of room to play outside, and there is a large treehouse that sits between "giant twin chinaberry trees" and also overlooks the schoolyard. A wire fence surrounds the back property, which seems to serve as a property boundary more than anything else. Atticus keeps his car, which he rarely drives, in a "carhouse," and the houses on their street are close enough together that characters often talk or yell from one yard to the next, building an atmosphere of a tight-knit community.

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The Finch house is a place Scout describes in a peaceful tone, except perhaps when she describes the conflicts between her and Calpurnia. The Finch home on the main street of Maycomb is an extension of their neighborhood, and Scout describes it as a "tired old town." Though the Finch house does not feel particularly tired or old, there is a sense of sadness and quiet inside the home. Scout does not remember her mother, but Jem does; he seems to feel her absence acutely at times. Atticus is a loving father, but he is reserved at times and keen to read and sit quietly when he is not working; he too feels the absence of his wife. Though Scout does not describe the impact of her mother's absence in explicit detail, the subtext of this fact is significant to the feelings and emotions that characterize the Finch household.

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The Finch family lives on the main residential street in Maycomb, next to Mrs. Rachel Haverford's home and across the street from Miss Maudie's house. There is a wire fence separating the Finch yard from the Haverford's property, and Jem and Scout have a treehouse located in their backyard. The Finch home sits above ground and has two porches, which are located towards the front and back of the home. Throughout the novel, Atticus and Scout enjoy sitting on their front porch swing, and the children spend their summer nights sleeping in cots on their back porch. Their living room extends to the front porch and is where Atticus spends the majority of his time reading the newspaper. There is also a dining room that is separated by a swinging door that leads to the kitchen towards the back of the home. The kitchen extends to the back porch, which is where Calpurnia routinely calls for the children while they are playing. Scout and Jem have adjoining bedrooms, and there is an additional guest bedroom, which Aunt Alexandra uses when she moves in.

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Atticus Finch and his family "lived on the main residential street" in Maycomb (although the exact name of the street is never mentioned in To Kill a Mockingbird). The Finch house has steps leading up to the porch, which includes a swing that Atticus often shares with Scout. There is a swinging door that leads from the kitchen--Calpurnia's domicile--to the dining room. Jem's bedroom adjoins Scout's bedroom, and Aunt Alexandra inhabits the guest room. Atticus spends most of his time reading in the living room. The house has a fireplace with a mantelpiece above. Like many homes in the South, the Finch house sits well above the ground (we know this because Scout retrieves an old tire from under the house to ride onto the Radley steps). A short fence separates the Finch house from their next door neighbor, Miss Rachel (Dill's aunt). Two doors down is Mrs. Dubose's house, and next door to that is the Radley Place. Beyond there, the school borders the Radley property.

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