Life in the Thirteen Colonies

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Describe the characteristics of the English colonies in the Chesapeake region, the Carolinas, the Middle Colonies (Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware), and New England prior to 1700.

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The Chesapeake region was noted for its tobacco production. The region used slaves and indentured servitude prior to 1700; though by the end of the period, it was starting to phase out indentured servants and would use only slaves. The region was also known for malaria outbreaks in the fall that would periodically decimate the population of rich and poor alike. Successful plantation owners owned thousands of acres and many slaves in order to produce tobacco. The planters controlled the economy and political life of the region.

The Middle Colonies were noted for their diversity and large successful farms. Pennsylvania was established by Quakers and was tolerant of other religious groups; the region experienced an influx of German immigrants by the end of the period. New York City was noted for its trade. Its religious and cultural diversity were due to its being a Dutch colony at first. New York was one of the first places in the New World that welcomed Jewish immigrants. Though the...

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