The Chesapeake region was noted for its tobacco production. The region used slaves and indentured servitude prior to 1700; though by the end of the period, it was starting to phase out indentured servants and would use only slaves. The region was also known for malaria outbreaks in the fall...
The Chesapeake region was noted for its tobacco production. The region used slaves and indentured servitude prior to 1700; though by the end of the period, it was starting to phase out indentured servants and would use only slaves. The region was also known for malaria outbreaks in the fall that would periodically decimate the population of rich and poor alike. Successful plantation owners owned thousands of acres and many slaves in order to produce tobacco. The planters controlled the economy and political life of the region.
The Middle Colonies were noted for their diversity and large successful farms. Pennsylvania was established by Quakers and was tolerant of other religious groups; the region experienced an influx of German immigrants by the end of the period. New York City was noted for its trade. Its religious and cultural diversity were due to its being a Dutch colony at first. New York was one of the first places in the New World that welcomed Jewish immigrants. Though the colonies had slavery, they were not as dependent on them as the Chesapeake and Southern colonies.
The Carolinas produced indigo, rice, and tobacco, though cotton was starting to become important by the end of the period. The Carolinas used slavery due to a shortage of indentured servants and the fact that chattel slavery could be owned indefinitely along with their offspring. These colonies were also more sparsely populated than other colonies.
New England would be established by English families seeking freedom to practice their Calvinist religion away from persecution by the Church of England. Due to poor soil and cold climate, these people would turn to small farms, logging, whaling, fishing, and trade for their commerce. The English families had many children to support labor needs. The meetinghouse and the church were the most important buildings in the close-knit communities of New England. Though some had slaves, they were treated as luxury items, and slavery would end in this region before the American Revolution.