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Tecumseh has become well known for his leadership but his brother Tenskwatawa played equally vital roles. Tenskwatawa, or Lalawethika, became an important spiritual leader whose visions of a radically transformed society garnered him the sobriquet of "the Prophet."
Born in a Shawnee area of Ohio in 1775, Lalawethika grew up aware of the encroachment of white settlers but educated in traditional ways by his father, a Shawnee chief. When he was a tiny boy, a violent conflict with white settlers over their killing of another chief precipitated some Shawnees' move west, and he grew up mostly in Missouri.
As he was growing up, the Native attachment to collective land holding became increasingly important to combating white settlers claims on or forcible seizing of their land.
Their older brother Chicksika was a great leader in raids on white settlements and, after he was killed, Tecumseh took up the cause even more passionately. In the years he and hundreds of followers tried to drive out the whites, Lalawethika was more drawn toward the spiritua side. After fighting alongside his brother when they were defeated in the Battle of Fallen Timbers, Lalawethika intensified his religious devotion as Tecumseh resigned himself to negotiating peace settlements.
After studying with a spiritual leader, Lalawethika one day had a tremendous vision while unconscious. It was a revelation of a radically transformed world. With his new name, Tenskwatawa, he began preaching while experiencing more visions. A purified life without violence also meant rejecting white ways.
Joining forces with Tecumseh, they drew thousands of Shawnees to their cause and created new settlements. It came to an end after the Battle of Tippecanoe, after defeat by U.S. forces under Harrison, including the killing of dozens of Indian leaders.