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Explain why FDR's "court packing" plan failed.

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In November 1936, Franklin Delano Roosevelt won reelection to a second term as president by a huge majority, largely because of New Deal legislation enacted to mitigate the effects of the Great Depression. However, during his first term the conservative Supreme Court had begun striking down many of his New Deal measures so that some of FDR's key programs were in jeopardy. In response, FDR had new legislation drafted that would curb the court's power to stop the New Deal by adding younger and more liberal appointees.

The new proposed law was called the Judicial Procedures Reform Bill of 1937. The new bill used the advanced ages of the judges as criteria for reformation. It stipulated that for every Supreme Court judge that did not retire by the age of 70, FDR (and future presidents) could appoint and add a new judge to the court up to a maximum of six. As an excuse, FDR claimed that the age of the present judges had caused them to become overburdened with work. This legislation became...

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