Speech and Public Speaking

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Describe the speech communication process in public speaking.

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The communication process in public speaking is confirmed when the message is conveyed by the sender and accepted or understood by the receiver.  Simply stated, communication is the exchange of information between two parties. In between those two aspects, there are factors that enter into the process. 

First, the communicator sends his message. The initiation of the process begins with a clear statement which  includes the encoding of the message through both verbal and nonverbal means.

Secondly, the receiver of the communication must decode the message.  His interpretation of the missive will determine if actual communication has been completed. 

Certain external factors enter into the satisfactory processing. For example, in speech communication the channel through which the message is sent must be either a visual or oral process. 

The setting or context of the process further determines the effective decoding of the message.  The place and time involved in the communication should also be evaluated.

Interference may also play a part in the receiving of the message.  Noise, language barriers, improper encoding--all can  deter complete reception of the message. 

To determine the progression of communication, feedback is necessary.  An exchange between the sender and the receiver in some form will  ascertain the success of the process. 

A successful communicator must understand these basic aspects of the communication process to ensure favorable results.  Thus, he can blossom into an effective speaker.

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