When Situational Irony occurs in theater the audience is expecting the play to progress in one direction, when in fact the story or the situation takes an unexpected turn. Situational Irony deals with usually sharp contrasts from expected plot lines and several contradictions. Shakespeare also uses Verbal Irony and Dramatic Irony in his plays.
To understand the Situational Irony in the first scene of Taming of the Shrew you must be able to differentiate Verbal and Dramatic. Verbal Irony is exactly what it sounds like: It is using a phrase that means something different on the surface than your intended meaning. Modern day, we refer to this as "Sarcasm." "I just love eating liver and Lima beans on my birthday."
Dramatic Irony is where the audience has more information than the character. The best example of this is in Romeo and Juliet. The audience is fully aware that Juliet is only asleep when Romeo enters the crypt and commits suicide. They, powerless to stop the situation from...
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