Describe the setting of the story Romeo and Juliet?

Quick Answer

Romeo and Juliet takes place in Verona, Italy, in what is most likely the 1300s or 1400s. Different settings within Verona include the Capulet estate, the street (where the citizens of Verona get into fights), and Friar Laurence's church. After killing Tybalt, Romeo is banished to Mantua, which is another city in Italy. There is not a lot of description given about these cities, but we might infer that it is summer and the climate is hot, as Benvolio says: "For now, these hot days, is the mad blood stirring" (3.1.4).

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Kelvin Brakus eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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There are a number of settings in Romeo and Juliet. The main action takes place in Verona, a city in Northern Italy, sometime during the 1300s or the 1400s. In terms of description, Shakespeare does not go into detail. Instead, he uses terms like a "street" or a "room."

Another city in the play is Mantua, also in Northern Italy. This is where Romeo goes when he is banished and, once again, Shakespeare refers only to a "street."

You'll notice that many of the scenes featuring the Capulet family take place in their home. Juliet, for example, is generally featured in her chamber or the orchard.

Finally, Shakespeare also sets some scenes in the play in Friar's Lawrence's cell and, for the final scene, in a churchyard.

By not providing in-depth descriptions of the settings, Shakespeare allows the reader to focus on the plot development of the play, the themes, and the relationships between the characters.

Further Reading:

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Linnea Archibald eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Romeo and Juliet is set in Verona, Italy in the 1300s, though it was written in the 1500s. Shakespeare's Verona is not a fleshed out place as a real-life, physical city, but rather as a convenient backdrop for a crazy story line. One of the major things to note is that there are really three types of settings in the play: Romeo's settings, Juliet's settings, and Friar Lawrence's church. While Romeo has scenes outside the home with his friends (like in the very first scene), Juliet's scenes without Romeo are all confined to her home. This shows the difference in their two worlds from the start. When Romeo comes to her balcony, their two settings collide. Romeo is outside, Juliet inside, but they are beginning to intersect. The intersection of the two families is what the entire play hinges on, as it is the family rivalries which ultimately lead to Romeo's and Juliet's deaths. As far as Friar Lawrence's church, it is a place for them to come together in a neutral setting and speak freely. It is where all their plans are devised in secret from both of their respective worlds. 

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alexb2 eNotes educator | Certified Educator


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The setting is the city of Verona, which is a lively and bustling city. You'll need to go through the text to find specific examples of different setting within Verona. Some examples are a marketplace and a large hall for parties.

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kath555554444 | Student

The setting is in multiple places. But overall it is on Verona, Italy. 

There was also the setting of the party (a part of Juliet's house), Juliet's house (and her balcony), Friar Lawrence's cell, the streets of Verona, and also the graveyard where Romeo and Juliet died and were found dead. 

shelet | Student

The setting in Romeo & Juliet takes place in the city of Verona.

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luke7764 | Student

The setting is in Verona back in the 1500's.

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