Describe the role of the fungus Penicillium in the production of antibiotic penicillin.
Actually, Penicillium is not the name of a bacteria, but it is a fungus with over 300 different species that have been identified. Penicillium produces an antibiotic known as penicillin. This was discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1929 and became the wonder drug during the 20th century. This drug can be used to combat disease bacteria. Penicillium is also found in soil habitats and can be used in the production of certain foods which are aged such as cheeses. It is also a source of biotechnologically produced enzymes.