Carl Rogers's model of person-centered therapy is one of the offshoots of the Human Potential Movement (HPM), which was based on Abraham Maslow's theory of self-actualization and the human "hierarchy of needs."
The formative tendency, as described by Rogers, refers to the natural desire or tendency of all living creatures to grow and evolve.
The actualizing tendency is this same drive in human beings. It is an individual's innate desire to develop and grow, attempting to improve in the direction of an ideal self and, in the process, make a constructive contribution to society.
The concept of "congruence," which is basic to person-centered therapy, might be paraphrased as "genuineness" or "spontaneity." Unlike the practitioner of...
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