Of course, all of these "revolts" were somewhat different, but what they had in common was a desire to change the American society of the time. All of these rebels felt that the system discriminated against them because of their ethnicity, their sex, or their values.
Before the 1960s, the US was very much dominated by white men. The white male power structure was (as the power structure still is) very capitalistic. It was also very conservative from a social point of view. All of these aspects of the power structure were problematic to one or more of these groups.
In all cases, the revolts took the form of social movements. Groups who had little power in the political process took to using non-conventional methods to try to get their point across. There were the sit-ins of the Civil Rights Movement and demonstrations against the Vietnam War. There was even the occupation of Alcatraz by Native American activists.
Though these were in some ways very different movements, they all used non-conventional actions to try to challenge the power and values of the "establishment."