Winthrop's "A Model of Christian Charity" addresses the challenges of forming a new colony in the New World. His essay emphasizes the importance of maintaining a covenant with god, as referenced in Deuteronomy, while maintaining a voluntary community who agrees to live by god's laws, according to the Puritan tradition.
The essay seeks to demonstrate God's "mercy and justice" as long as members follow God's law which included the command to love one’s enemies and love one’s neighbor and caring for the poor.
The essay promotes the need for social order. The rich are asked to give to the poor, and Mr. Winthrop acknowledges the importance of reconciling the needs of the individual with the needs of the community.
Winthrop's position reflects the uncertainties of his time as settlers faced daunting challenges in the new world.