Describe the provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 aimed at ending segregation and racial discrimination.Civil rights movement
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was the most important law in our history when it comes to ending segregation and some types of discrimination.
The law had several parts that did some very different things. The most important things that the Civil Rights Act of 1964 did, in my opinion, include:
- It outlawed discrimination in any type of business that is involved in interstate commerce, with the exception of private clubs. This is a huge thing because the Supreme Court has said that pretty much everything is part of interstate commerce.
- It prohibited state and local governments from denying access to their public facilities on the basis of race and some other things. This mean that they couldn't segregate swimming pools, etc, like they had before.
The Civil Rights movement of the 1950's gradually influenced sweeping Congressional legislation in the 1960's. The Civil Rights Act 1964 added severe criminal penalities for any discrimination in voting procedures, employment hiring practices, discrimination in public facilities. In addition the law also stipulated that the federal government could withhold any federal funding due to any state who was in defiance of the federal law. For example, school districts that continued to practice segregation within a state could be denied their fair share of federal money.