Describe the process of mitosis that occurs during nuclear division.  

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

In mitotic division, the chromosome material in the nucleus is replicated. That is because the DNA which makes up the chromosomes can serve as a template to make more DNA. By making a second set of chromosomes during interphase, it will insure that at the end of mitotic division, each new daughter cell will have a full set of chromosomes. This will allow the two cells to carry out life activities and manufacture the proteins they need.  After interphase, prophase occurs. The centrioles separate and a spindle begins to form.The nuclear membrane begins to disappear and the chromosomes are coiled and thickened. Next is metaphase. In this stage, the doubled chromosomes, called chromatids line up along in the equator of the cell. Their centromeres in the center attach to the spindle fibers that have formed. Next is anaphase. The doubled chromosomes separate and they  move toward opposite poles. Next is telophase. The cell membrane pinches inward forming two separate cells. The nuclear membrane reforms in each new cell enclosing the chromosomes. If its an animal cell, cytokinesis occurs and the cell pinches in half. End result is two daughter cells, with the exact chromosome number as the parent cell. If it is a  plant cell, a cell plate forms separating the two cells. And cytokinesis insures that half of the cytoplasm goes to each smaller but genetically identical cell.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team

Posted on

Soaring plane image

We’ll help your grades soar

Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now.

  • 30,000+ book summaries
  • 20% study tools discount
  • Ad-free content
  • PDF downloads
  • 300,000+ answers
  • 5-star customer support
Start your 48-Hour Free Trial

Already a member? Log in here.

Are you a teacher? Sign up now