Clostridium difficile, otherwise known as C. diff., is a rod-shaped, spore-forming bacteria. Clostridium difficile bacteria reproduce asexually by a process called binary fission. During binary fission, an organism duplicates its DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid and the divides into two parts, a process called cytokinesis. Finally, a cell wall forms across the elongated parent cell. Binary fission is simple cell division and biologically very efficient. As long as conditions are favorable, the bacterial cells will continue to divide, grow, and divide again repeatedly.
Overuse of antibiotics has led to superbugs such as C. diff (Clostridium difficile) and MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus) which are a real danger particularly in hospital settings.