Describe the principle of the Separation of Powers regarding Congress, the President, the Bureaucracy, and Interests Groups (Iron Triangle).
As defined by the Constitution, the Seperation of Powers doctrine is reflected in the 3 branches of government, each designed to provide a check and balance on the other two. The legislative branch (Congress) enacts or repeals law, the judicial branch judges law's constitutionality, and the executive branch executes the law. However, the executive branch, misusing the privilege of executive orders, has effectively disempowered the other two branches, and has consolidated more and more power over time. Executive orders have created agencies or bureaucracies that, since not created by Congress, have little or no accountability in establishing proclamations that unfortunately have the force of law. Finally, interest groups have, from the beginning, sought to influence Congress through lobbying. Although there's nothing wrong in persuasion, for many years lobbyists appeared to be exerting a bit too much influence on Congress.
The separation of powers, concerning the Iron triangle, refers to the powers of certain branches of government which that branch uses in order to influence other branches. For instance, an interest group lobbies Congress in order to get its laws passed. The President, who wants to stay in high favor with Congress, signs this bill into law. The bureaucracy, which works hand in hand with both the executive and legislative branch, is in charge of allotting funds to certain committees in Congress, who in turn allot these funds to interest groups. The cycle continues since the number one goal of a politician is to get reelected. Therefore as long as the Congressmen stay in high favor with the interest groups, the interest groups provide that candidate with a large voting block come time for an election.