Describe Orwell's Animal Farm as a political satire.

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Animal Farm is a political satire on the Soviet Union under Stalin. The Animalist revolution, like the Bolshevik insurrection in Russia in October 1917, was supposed to lead to the emancipation of the poor and downtrodden. In both cases, however, it lead instead to dictatorship, terror, and mass repression.

Old Major, who's clearly based on Lenin, advocates the liberation of animals from their oppression at the hands of their human exploiters. It's an intoxicating message, one that resonates with the farm animals. When the time is right, the animals rise up and throw off their shackles, chasing the farmer Mr. Jones (based on Tsar Nicholas II of Russia) from the farm.

When Old Major dies, there is a brutal power struggle between the...

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