Describe one ethical framework in bioethics, how it works in specific situations, the pitfalls, and the advantages.
A main framework of bioethics attempts to balance the four main principles of bioethics. These principles are:
- Autonomy: respect for a patient’s individuality which urges the caretaker to both ensure that the patient fully understands the treatment course and the risks and to allow the patient to make choices without coercion or coaxing;
- Justice: consideration of fairness that urges the caretaker to strive to equitably distribute benefits, risks, costs, and resources as well as the burdens of new technology and research;
- Beneficence: a moral standard which obliges the caretaker to do good, act for the benefit of others; and
- Non-maleficence: another moral standard that requires the caretaker to cause no harm to the patient or society in general.
When these four principles are balanced in order to form a framework of bioethics, caretakers will be called, first, to ensure the...
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