Mao Zedong enacted a number of programs and policies as a means of achieving his idea of a perfect society. He believed that the Chinese nation needed to abandon its traditional ways in order to modernize and become a great power. The two notable policies enacted to achieve his utopian aims were the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. In The Great Leap Forward, Mao sought to revolutionize agriculture and industrial production. With the Cultural Revolution, Mao sought to shake up the complacency of his communist regime and society by enacting austere social policies, like open criticism of liberal Chinese Communists and rejection of the elitist institution of education and of elitist classes like scientists and industry managers.