The main, or major, functions performed as a supervisor refer to the most important roles that an organizational leader is meant to perform. The ultimate goal of these important roles is to comply with the mission and vision of an organization, and with the goal that the organization aims to attain. This being said, the major roles of a supervisor include:
- Planning and organizing- This entails putting forth an action plan that tasks specific employees to conduct duties related to their line of work. This taps onto each employee's abilities, making them "buy into" the action plan itself, and making them feel as part of the whole.
- Enforcing and Monitoring- Although supervisors do not directly have to monitor and enforce rules, they certainly have to explain what are the expectations of the organization and which are some ways that these expectations can be met. For monitoring and enforcing, a supervisor may want to delegate a team or other employees to act as midpoints between the employees and management.
- Evaluating and Assessing- An action plan that benefits an organization must be closely reviewed over and over again. Areas of improvement must be constantly monitored and changes have to be correlated to actions. The evaluation and assessment part is ongoing and requires the collaboration of all employees equally.
- Motivation and Feedback- Good supervisors encourage their teams through incentives, feedback, coaching/training opportunities, and with chances to move forward within the organization. This makes employees want to work harder and more productively.
Therefore, the major roles of a supervisor involve both the organization and those who constitute its major body of work.