Describe the major changes that took place in the practice of religion in America in the early nineteenth century and the impact these had on American society.
Religion in America became more diverse. Groups such as the Latter-Day Saints (Mormons) formed their own churches. The United States had more Catholics as Irish immigration increased. While these denominations were not accepted in mainstream Protestant America, they were quickly becoming a presence and drew increasing number of followers.
The Protestant Church grew as well, with increasing numbers of Presbyterians, Baptists, and Methodists. The Second Great Awakening, which began in the 1820s, brought more people into church membership. One of the first things that frontier communities did was form a church. Churches also spoke out more against social issues such as slavery and alcohol. The African Methodist Episcopal Church started during this period though its numbers would not skyrocket until after the Civil War. Many churches even split over doctrine differences, creating new denominations such as Southern Baptists and Missionary Baptists.