*The use of metaphyisical cconceits, i.e. a far-fetched and ingenious extended comparison which is very original and logical.
*I deas often presented as a logical and persuasive argument. Usually there is an argument with the poet's lover, with god or with himself.
*Use of learning intellct and philosophy: Metaphysical poets played with thought as the Elizabethans had played with words.
*The poems are often based on personal experiences or moments in life.
*Use of colloquial , everyday speech instead of conventional poetic diction.
*Abrupt and dramatic openings.
*Rugged meter ( not sweet and musical) to convey their attitude and purpose.
*Conventional themes handled unconventionally: love, with its physical and sexual aspects, the union of souls, and religious devotion.
*Metaphors created from all spheres of life and learning.
*Some psychological analysis.
*Bold and innovative in the selection of subject matter and int he use of new knowledge and learning.