The Hungarian Uprising (also called the Hungarian Revolution) was the first popular uprising against the Soviets since their takeover of Eastern Europe after World War II. The uprising was in part inspired by the apparent liberalization of Soviet policy after Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev attacked the leadership of former Soviet leader Joseph Stalin.
The uprising began on October 23 as a student demonstration in Budapest, during which students called for individual freedoms, a Hungary free of foreign control, a democratic socialist government, and Hungary's admission into the United Nations; after a student was shot to death by the state police (the ÁVH), the uprising swept the country. Local military groups then fought against the Soviets and the state police. The government collapsed, and the former leaders fled to the Soviet Union as Imre Nagy took over and petitioned the United Nations for support. However, the western powers did not want to become involved in battling against the Soviets and did not intervene. Fighting stopped until November 4, when Soviet troops entered the country and crushed the uprising, which ended on November 10. About 2,500 Hungarians and 700 Soviets were killed in the conflict, and many Hungarians fled the country in the aftermath of the revolution. In 1958, Nagy was executed for his role in the uprising. The government cracked down on dissidence with arrests following the revolution.