Describe Intravenous Fluid Regulation. Why is it important, and what are some potential complications?

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sciencesolve | Teacher | (Level 3) Educator Emeritus

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The intravenous fluid regulation represents the intervention over the rate of intravenous fluid administration. The intervention is required since the correct rate of fluid administered intravenously depends on the medical condition, the age and the weight of the patient. If the corrections of the rate and amount are disregarded, the hazardous administration of the fluids can lead to complications.

The regulations of the rate and amount of fluid administered can be made either manually, or with an electric pump. The needed adjustments are made after the rate of the flow is measured by counting the number of drops per minute.

The complications that occur depend on the rate and amount of the fluid administered. If the rate is to slow, the response to the treatment does not exist. If the rate of the flow is to high, the patient can experience high blood pressure, breathing difficulties, headaches and anxiety.

There exists also some local complication at the site of puncture: infection at the needle site, collapsed veins (if the period of intravenous treatment is prolonged), dislodged needle.

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eli468's profile pic

eli468 | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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Intravenous fluid regulation is when someone is given fluids through an IV. IV stands for intravenous. IV fluid regulation is simply controlling the amount of fluids going into the body through an IV.

This is important to control how much of the fluids someone is getting while being treated. If someone does not receive enough fluids then the treatment essentially is pointless because the patient won't respond. If someone receives too much it can cause complications. In order to properly treat a person they have to factor in many different things such as the patients typical information including height and weight as well as what they are treating. If could be for dehydration or for chemotherapy and many other treatments in between, thus getting the proper amount is very important.

The complications are rare to occur but some things that can happen is," infection at the needle site, a dislodged needle, or a collapsed vein." Infection could happen if the needle site was not cleaned properly and bacteria on the skin was pushed down with the needle, or the needle may not have been fully cleaned. Someone might have a weak immune system and depending on what they are being treated for might also be more susceptible to infection. A dislodged needle can occur if someone with an IV moves around too much, causing the needle to shift. A collapsed vein typically happens if the IV is inserted for a long period of time.

Other complications can include overload (getting too many fluids administered) which can cause headaches, high blood pressure, anxiety, and breathing problems (temporary). 

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