Describe the important diagnostic clinical features of the E. faecalis & E. faecium .  

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Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium are bacterial organisms commonly found in food, water, soil, plants, and animals. In a laboratory, they can be discerned from other bacteria by several important diagnostic clinical features including:

*morphologic appearance on Gram stain and culture (Gram-positive cocci that grow in chains, pairs, or singles)

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Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium are bacterial organisms commonly found in food, water, soil, plants, and animals. In a laboratory, they can be discerned from other bacteria by several important diagnostic clinical features including:

*morphologic appearance on Gram stain and culture (Gram-positive cocci that grow in chains, pairs, or singles)

*ability to react with group D antiserum

*PYR positive (L-pyrrolidonyl - beta- naphthylamide) and LAP positive (leucine- beta-naththylamide)

*hydrolyze esculin with 40% bile present

*can grow in 6.5% sodium chloride

*can grow at temps as high as 45 degrees C

E. faecalis and E. faecium are not as virulent as Staphylococcus aureus because they don't secrete exotoxins or produce superantigens. 

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