Describe the impact of the Industrial Revolution on the US.Describe the impact of the Industrial Revolution on the US.

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pholland14 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Industrial Revolution changed America in profound ways.  First, it made America a nation of city-dwellers.  Without cars, people needed to live close to their workplaces.  This led to another set of issues, such as urban crowding, crime, and sanitation.  Disease epidemics would spread in cities due to crowding and poor trash removal.  Cities would also attract those who would take advantage of the poor—often immigrants who would take low-paying jobs. 

The work itself during the Industrial Revolution was often low paying.  Since people could be trained to do the work quickly, few considered paying these workers a living wage.  Workers could work twelve hours a day, and they were easily replaced if sick or injured.  The social safety nets of unemployment insurance and Social Security are a reaction to the poor treatment workers received during this period.  

Finally, the Industrial Revolution affected the consumer.  With interchangeable parts, goods could be fixed quickly or discarded.  One did not need to go to a gunsmith in order to buy a gun; rather, one could buy one out of a catalog or at a general merchandise store.  The mass production of goods also made them cheaper for the consumer.  By 1900, American industrialists were producing more than the American consumer demanded, and this led to innovative advertising in order to drive up demand and also a search for overseas markets.  

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are all kinds of impacts that you can mention given that the Industrial Revolution was the biggest change in civilization in the past 10,000 years or so.

To me, the biggest impact of the Industrial Revolution is that it made America (over time) a much more urban country.  Before the Industrial Revolution, the United States was a country of small farmers living in or around small communities.  It was a time when people were relatively self-sufficient and more or less equal to one another in terms of economics.

As the Industrial Revolution progressed, this changed.  More and more people moved from farms to cities.  People started to depend on markets to create the things they needed.  Economic inequality started to be much more widespread as some people became rich factory owners and others became poor unskilled workers.

besure77 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Industrial Revolution was a time of growth and transformation for the United States. There were numerous changes that were taking place during this time that had tremendous impacts on culture, manufacturing, trade, agriculture, etc.

One thing that changed dramatically for people in the United States was income. There was a supply and demand now and people were generally earning more money because there were more jobs, although there were people who earned little money and were poor. People started moving to the cities because that is where the center of manufacturing was. Cities were booming and the populations increased. Many times living conditions were very poor because of overcrowding.

litteacher8 eNotes educator| Certified Educator
The Industrial Revolution specifically affected the United States by making cities the focus of American life. The factories were in the cities, and the workers lived there too. The goods from the factories were mass produced, making them cheaper and more accessible.
kanwalasim | Student

Industrialization in America involved three important developments. First, transportation was expanded. Second, electricity was effectively harnessed. Third, improvements were made to industrial processes such as improving the refining process and accelerating production. The government helped protect American manufacturers by passing a protective tariff.

Most products people in the industrialized nations use today are turned out swiftly by the process of mass production, by people (and sometimes, robots) working on assembly lines using power-driven machines. People of ancient and medieval times had no such products. They had to spend long, tedious hours of hand labor even on simple objects. The energy, or power, they employed in work came almost wholly from their own and animals' muscles. The Industrial Revolution is the name given the movement in which machines changed people's way of life as well as their methods of manufacture.

About the time of the American Revolution, the people of England began to use machines to make cloth and steam engines to run the machines. A little later they invented locomotives. Productivity began a spectacular climb. By 1850 most Englishmen were laboring in industrial towns and Great Britain had become the workshop of the world. From Britain the Industrial Revolution spread gradually throughout Europe and to the United States.

krishna-agrawala | Student

Industrial Revolution refers to rapid development of industrialization that took place in eighteenth and early nineteenth century in several parts of the world. It brought great changes in the lives and work of people in these places. It increased enormously the production of many kinds of goods.  with the aid of power-driven machinery using mass production techniques. It also resulted in development of factory system of production.

The industrial revolution originated in Great Britain during the 1700's, and spread to other parts of Europe and to North America in the early 1800's.

Prior to declaration of independence in 1776, the British Colonies in America had developed a wide range of industries.  The most successful of these was shipbuilding and iron manufacturing was also a major industry.

By the early 1800's, the United States had developed the technology and facilities to produce small arms on a mass scale.  Textiles and light metals industry industry became well established in the 1820's.  Industrialization also included improvement in transportation, including improvements made in rivers and canals that reduced the cost of transporting goods to and from the interior of the country.

Beginning in the 1830's, the iron industry made great advances as iron was adapted for agricultural tools, railway track, in building construction.  By the 1850's, The USA was able to compete with Great Britain's iron industry in the international market.

During the mid-1800's, the agricultural, construction, and mining. With these developments, by late 1800's the USA became the largest industrial nation in the world.

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